In 1965, it was abolished and a newly created London Borough of Tower Hamlets was created, which covered much of the same administrative area. Montefiore was chief assistant to Samuel Barnett in his work regarding the extension of Oxford University to London, and was secretary of the Tower Hamlets branch of the Society for the Extension of University Teaching. out for drainage. Stepney Green, Tower Hamlets A station, road and park located in north-central Stepney. bounds of an estate given with the foundation of St. Leonard's priory, and a small The termination is a well known Saxon word, signifying a haven or wharf. It is also known as "The Church of the High Seas" due to its traditional maritime connections. in 1743. Although a 16th-century plan shows it running from East Smithfield, it was more (fn. The boundary with Hackney cut across fields in 1703, well, by the site of St. Paul's Shadwell, and was still known to residents in 1684. It is an area of exceptional architectural and historic interest, with a character and appearance worthy of protection and enhancement. together in three M.B.s: Bethnal Green, coterminous with its parish; Poplar, A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 11, Stepney, Bethnal Green. The measure had worked well, except when bad This severely limited scope for improvement of the land and new building until the estate was broken up in the 19th century. A maritime STEPNEY. Wapping called Wapping-Whitechapel which became the parish of St. John, Whitechapel may have ended at the river freeholders, whom the manor court could not easily coerce, probably accounted (fn. [32], Stepney Green developed as a street of residential housing off the Mile End Road in the 15th century, and now refers to the area in north Stepney. Montefiore died at Newport, Rhode Island, aged 27. The vill included Hackney, and probably at one time also Bromley, a parish created parishes, East Smithfield, and the small liberties along the western boundary of 3) The In 1865, he began near to the Vine Tavern, a wooden building dating back to Stuart times. (fn. Mile End. those of fields or estates, apart possibly from the line along Back Church Lane, In the thirteenth century "Stepney" referred to "almost all the area between the suburbs of the City of London and the river Lea, the eastern boundary of Middlesex". [6], Historically, Stepney was a very large manor and Ancient Parish which covered most of what would become the East End. and its settlements of Blackwall, Millwall, and Cubitt Town. Lea, the eastern boundary of Middlesex, until the early 14th century when the first of several land wrested from the Thames. The bells of the church, cast at the Whitechapel Bell Foundry, appear in the nursery rhyme, Oranges and Lemons, "When will that be? Artillery Ground and Norton Folgate, both near Bishopsgate. He has no political role and holds no office in any political party. A tenement near Limehouse called the Mote had a similar obligation to repair river The western part provided the first English The name appears under the form Stebenheth, given as Stephen’s hede (Stehpen’s landing place). The station passed to London Underground in 1950. daughter parishes was created. ), including (fn. The early history of East London . followed in 1729, St. Mary, Stratford Bow (565 a. The historic Stepney Baptist Church building was built in 1841 by the noted local joiner Hanford Hull. It was German bombers rather than British politicians … [52], Stepney is connected to the London Underground at Stepney Green tube station on the Hammersmith & City and District lines. 33), More permanent solutions were found in the 16th century: after the whole of stream (also concealed) rose at the junction of West and South Tenter streets in Goodman's from an estate in 'Stepney' claimed unsuccessfully by the bishop in 1086. 7), At its greatest extent Stepney parish covered c. 4,150 a. St Dunstan Stepney, th… The urbanisation of the area was driven by the maritime trades along the river, as well as ribbon development along the Mile End Road. most of the western boundary presumably represented the limits reached by (fn. walls. The Stepney family name was found in the USA, the UK, Canada, and Scotland between 1840 and 1920. landing-place, the Stybba's hythe which evolved as 'Stepney', gave its name to Fields, in Whitechapel, and ran south to the Thames at Tower Bridge. [38], The Stepney Historical Trust was set up in 1989 to advance the public's education on the history of Stepney and the surrounding areas. following hamlets which became separate parishes: Whitechapel, including part of responsibility for that important highway. 15) There remained three and by the late 18th century, when it was known as the Black Ditch, was clearly From the 1100s, the development and improvement in enforcement of Canon law made it difficult to form new parishes,[10] so Hackney seems likely to have formed a independent parish in the 12th century, with the district remaining a sub-manor of Stepney. The parish includes also the hamlets of Mile-End New Town, Mile-End Old Town, and Ratcliffe. [8] Edward VI passed the land to the Wentworth family, and thence to their descendants, the Earls of Cleveland. Haresmarsh to Mile End, crossing the Colchester road near the junction with The first contemporary record of the Manor is around the year 1000, it covered an area equivalent to the modern borough of Tower Hamlets, as well as the district of Hackney (in the wider modern borough of the same name). The ancient name of this place was Stibenhede, Stebenhythe, or Stebunhethe. (fn. Steb being Saxon and Hede or hyth being stump or timber landing. Tower Hamlets London Borough Council is the local authority and also has a directly elected executive mayor, the Mayor of Tower Hamlets John Biggs. pasture in the 15th century and saw the abandonment of a settlement at the south 35), A watercourse, probably rising near Spitalfields, ran south-eastward through for sewers in the 16th and 17th centuries for all the areas around London provided closer Description and History from 1868 Gazetteer STEPNEY, a parish and populous district of the metropolis, in the Tower division of Ossulstone hundred, and borough of the Tower Hamlets, county Middlesex, 2½ miles E. of St. Paul's Cathedral. Alternative monitoring sites on Mile End Road also failed to meet air quality objectives with a site at the junction with Globe Road recorded 52 μg/m3 as a 2017 average. Early History of Stepney Green Stepney Green was previously known as Mile End Old Town, beside the ancient route East from the City along Mile End Road. which may have been the medieval Chapel Street. Brokestreet, near the church, by the 14th century. Click on the map for other historical maps of this place. 34) Statutory commissions wards of Bishopsgate Without and Portsoken formed the parishes of St. Botolph Col. Richard Mansergh St. George fought in the American War of Independence and suffered severe head injuries, which required him to wear a black silk cap for the rest of his life. John Cass was the son of Thomas Cass, a Naval architect. Within two years they were able to establish their own theatre in Brick Lane. (fn. to the east Bromley and, across the Lea, West Ham (Essex), to the north Hackney, alluvial belt, joining the alluvium of the Lea valley, includes the whole of the Isle of Ironically, when the Communists of Stepney enjoyed their finest moment, at the 1945 election, the borough’s most notable local politician, Clement Atlee, entered No.10 as the country’s new Prime Minister. The Trinity Almshouses were built in 1695 by the Corporation of Trinity House for “28 decayed Masters and Commanders of ships or ye widows of such”. Stepney covered almost all the area between the suburbs of the City of London and the river As with most of the East End of London, the contracted area now known as Stepney was sparsely populated until the 19th century, with a population focussed on scattered farms and small hamlets. They are the oldest almshouses in Central London. bank may even have been farther north, possibly as far as Cable Street. Stepney Green is a remnant of a larger area of Common Land formerly known as Mile End Green. The only other known 20th-century (fn. 42), In the 20th century a concealed stream arose at the junction of Devons Road and Weston (fn. John Rocque’s 1746 Map – layersoflondon.org © Maptiler and OpenStreetMap contributors 26) The origins of the Manor are not known, but its large size, relatively rich soils and position adjacent to the walls of London have led to suggestions that the manor was the foundation grant of land made to the Bishop of London to support the creation of the new diocese of London (the East Saxon see) at the time of the establishment of St Paul's Cathedral in 604 AD.[8]. is a non-league association football team which currently plays in the Tower Hamlets-based Inner London Football League. The vicar of St Paul’s then was Fr Joe Williamson, who had achieved considerable local fame as a reformer and crusader against vice, prevalent in the area because of the proximity of the docks. The name "Stepney" is thought to derive from "Stepping Stone" or "Stepstone", from the presence of a mounting block near the place. The Manor of Stepney was held by the Bishop of London in compensation for his duties in maintaining and garrisoning the Tower of London; the extents of the Manor, and the association with the Tower make it likely that the Tower division, also known as the Tower Hamlets was based on Stepney.[16]. Stepney and Walmarsh similar to the laws and customs of Romney marsh, in order and ry. (fn. Name and etymology. The Domesday Book survey of 1086 gives the name as Stibanhede and says that the land was held by the Bishop of London and was 32 hides large, mainly used for ploughing, meadows, woodland for 500 pigs, and 4 mills. a. with banks and ditches; when they had fallen into disrepair he had granted (fn. Whitechapel, but floods in 1448 led to an inquiry into the cause. 8) By 1320 it had lost c. 211 a. to form the parish side of Stepney extending from the property and waste lining the north side of the The church is known as "The Mother Church of the East End"[14] as the very large parish covered most of what would become inner East London, before population growth led to the creation of a large number of daughter parishes. (fn. A spirit on flame with love for man, 11), STEPNEY AND TOWER HAMLETS : LOCAL GOVERNMENT BOUNDARIES. It is based at the Brenner Centre in Raine House. John Cass was born on 20th February 1661 in Rosemary Lane, East Smithfield – a site later occupied by the Royal Mint. 39) was possibly the stream that ran along Nightingale Lane to the Crash end of the Isle of Dogs. Christ Church, Spitalfields (73 a. The earliest commission known was in 1297-8; another Cambridge Heath Road, passing north of the parish church, and curving round into Park to the south-west corner of Bethnal Green parish consists of brickearth, patches (fn. 32) Sixteen of one Digneley, 1da. According to the Women's rights activist Emily Faithfull in her book "Three Visits to America" published in 1884 Montefiore died "While he was visiting the United States, in order to see for himself what could be learned from the political and social condition of the people, must ever be deplored. The building footprints, their use (commercial, residential, educational, etc. commissions to inspect and repair stretches of riverbank from the City eastward, This free content was digitised by double rekeying. where the river approaches the gravel ridge to make landing feasible is at Ratcliff [46] The area still contains a range of immigrants, particularly young Asian families, as well as elderly East Enders, some students, and the beginnings of a young middle class. Stepney’s bells A History of Stepney’s bells goes back at least 625 years and as might be expected, some of the detail has been lost (if it had ever been fully recorded). ; (2) 1559/60, Isabella (d. 20 May 1579), da. There were over 100 serfs, split between villeins who ploughed the land, and cottars who assisted the villeins in return for a hut or cottage. The parochial jurisdiction devolved from the much larger vill of Stepney belonging The History behind Sir John Cass Red Coat School. 40) Another stream rose in the gravel near Shadwell This is a list of people who held the office of Mayor of the Metropolitan Borough of Stepney. Parish History [edit | edit source]. a large area of Middlesex: (fn. 1570, the site of the roads called Greenbank and Wapping Wall, and gradual of Sir John Markham of Cotham, Notts., 2s.1 The office was created in 1900 and abolished in 1965. Spitalfields; Bethnal Green; Limehouse; Poplar, which included the Isle of Dogs When Fay was born in 1905 and Rachel in 1907, the address given on their birth certificates was 11 Ship Alley. Further precinct of the Minoresses' abbey of St. Clare), just north of the Tower, and Old (fn. Zion chapel, built 1849 for the Methodist New Connexion (2013) All rights reserved. railways, chiefly between Commercial Road and the G.E.R., 2½ miles E of St Paul's, London, and included prior to 1669 Limehouse, Shadwell, St George-in-the-East, Spitalfields, Bethnal Green, Bow, Poplar, and Blackwall. He arrived on the Bluebell Railway on 17th May 1960, after the railway's founder Bernard Holden MBE helped to save the line for preservation. For over thirty years I have been researching London's eastern parishes in the eighteenth century.Broadly, I am interested in the parishes and hamlets between the north bank of the River Thames and the Whitechapel Road and the Mile End Road. (fn. A soul can fashion such souls can. bor. [26], In the early 20th century, Stepney was one of the most Jewish neighbourhoods in England;[27] it was eventually superseded as such by Stamford Hill. The manor was unusual in practising the gavelkind method of inheritance,[17] a custom largely limited to Kent. All the parish, save the western part of Bethnal Green and a patch near the 25) An inquiry in 1324 on parish with the associated activities and docks, Stepney was also closely involved in London's 1900-1902 … Montefiore attended Balliol College, Oxford, where his posthumous memoir reports that he was a devotee of John Ruskin. Hackney appears to have been an early daughter parish of Stepney; a church at Hackney is first mentioned in 1275 but is likely to have been in place before then. The brewery building, the Anchor Brewery, was on the north side of Mile End Road, opposite Stepney Green; and is now the site of the Anchor Retail Unit, owned by Henderson Global Investors,[35] though the Brewery Offices still remain on the corner of Mile End Road and Cephas Avenue. years later 400 a. of Stepney manor were still flooded, causing loss of revenue to In subsequent centuries daughterparishes were created and the area of the parish of Stepney gradually re… 14) The 22) the only place on the north bank below London 27), The high tidal range made necessary repeated reclamation work until adequate supervision and spread the financial burden more widely. (fn. was named in 1324 after major flooding, and they later became frequent, with nine (fn. He was also influenced by Arnold Toynbee and Benjamin Jowett. including Stratford Bow and Bromley; and Stepney, including all the remaining (fn. In 1887, John Bartholomew's Gazetteer of the British Isles described Stepney like this: Stepney .-- par. The ancient name of Stepney takes its shape and appears in history in the eleventh century around 1080. [3][4], The first surviving record of the place name is from around 1000 AD as Stybbanhyð, "Stybba's hyð"; hyð developed into hithe (meaning landing-place) in modern English, so "Stybba's landing-place". [29], The Lord-Lieutenant Ken Olisa is Her Majesty's representative for Greater London, including Stepney. Stepney formed a large Ancient Parish in the Tower division of the Ossulstone hundred of Middlesex; bounded by Bromley (almost certainly part of Stepney until the Reformation) and West Ham to the east, the River Thames to the south, Shoreditch and Hackney (after its probable early split from Stepney) to the north and the City of London and the Liberties of the Tower of London to the west. Such parish divisions were unusual and required acts of Parliament. site of a Roman road and was later that of Ratcliff Highway. Stepney covered almost all the area between the suburbs of the City of London and the river Lea, the eastern boundary of Middlesex, until the early 14th century when the first of several daughter parishes was created. He enlisted the help of local amateurs, and the Russian Jewish Operatic Company made their debut at the Beaumont Hall, close to Stepney Green tube station. Stepney - the liberty of the Tower, by the river, Holy Trinity (formerly the This section presents some of the historical background of Stepney, CT. You can search for units that covered the particular location you are interested in by typing a postcode into our home page, or by using our Historic maps section, zooming in, selecting the Information option, and then clicking on your location. 38), Other watercourses may have been small streams running into the Thames but later dug 12) St. Paul, Shadwell (68 a. ends at a line which runs from the northern half of St. Katharine's docks, north of the ), in 1730, and St. Matthew, Bethnal Green (755 a.) (fn. It merged with the Redcoat Secondary School in 1966 and took the name of Sir John Cass's Foundation and Red Coat School that year. in the parish of St. Dunstan, Stepney: Mile End those areas were known as marshes, the most important being Walmarsh or Wapping road by a bridge, known as Stonebridge in 1731. 30), Flooding in Stepney or Poplar marsh hastened the transition from arable to of Tower Hamlets, 832 ac., pop. last new civil parish was All Saints, Poplar (1,158 a. It took its current name in 2020. Stepney's boundaries were first delineated in 1703: (fn. An estated house, Stepney Lodge was built in around the end of the 18th century, by 1817 housing had been built along Stepney Lane. When Morris and Esther got married in 1904 they were living at 4 Ship Alley. [48], Stepney All Saints School is a Church of England voluntary aided school that was opened in 1710 by Sir John Cass as the Sir John Cass School. 31) In 1448 a major breach in the wall on the south-west of (fn. 18) Along the Thames an area of meadow on the east side of the Lea lay in Stepney. Local residents, schools, churches and community groups were consulted and wasteland left after a World War II bomb destroyed the Stepney Congregational Church in 1941 was secured for the farm's use. It was rebuilt in the 14th century but the present building is largely from the 15th century. ), and St. George-in-the-East (formerly WappingStepney) (244 a.) From the Tudor era onwards, parish-level area were responsible for mitigating the poverty of people born in the area. (fn. ", In 1883, Jacob P. Adler arrived in London with a troupe of refugee professional actors. If any good since time began, The first boroughs to the EAST were. Commer­cial Road lived up to its name by filling with shops and other busi­nesses. Both the road and its neigh­bouring common land were formerly called Mile End Green. (fn. Stepney grew out of a medieval village called Stepney Green.This was located around St Dunstan's church and the 15th century ribbon development of Mile End Road. Stepney was built at Brighton Works in Brighton, England in 1875 as an LB&SCR A1 class engine and later rebuilt as an A1X in 1912. (fn. (335.9 ha.) the late 17th century. were also born in Stepney. Hands quick to labour, slow to part, of reclaimed land running eastward between Wapping's medieval river wall and As with most of the East End of London, the contracted area now known as Stepney was sparsely populated until the 19th century, with a population focussed on scattered farms and small hamlets. The name was later changed to Stepney Community Trust. The hithe itself is thought to have been at Ratcliff, just under half a mile south of St Dunstans Church. in 1447 for land as far north as the parish churches of Bromley, Stepney, and (fn. and the south-east parts lie at less than 10 m. (fn. It probably flowed from 1), OSSULSTONE HUNDRED : PARISHES IN THE TOWER DIVISION 1819. [41], The City Gateway Women Programmes were established to provide opportunities for local women in Stepney to gain independence, grow in confidence and access employment and develop skills in a supportive community environment. Some Georgian architecture and Victorian era terraced housing survive in patches: for example Arbour Square, the eastern side of Stepney Green, and the streets around Matlock Street. c. 12 ft. wide that existed by the 12th century formerly skirted the road at the eastern This maritime association is remembered in the old rhyme: "He who sails on the wide sea, is a parishioner of Stepney", The rapid growth in population meant that over time the parish was broken up. [18], Malplaquet House is named after the Battle of Malplaquet, one of the main battles of the War of the Spanish Succession, which took place in France in 1709. (It is an English custom to name streets after a place they are a path to, rather than after the place in which they are located.) [51], The district's Senrab Street gave its name to Senrab F.C., a youth team now based in Wanstead Flats and notable for producing many future professional players. river wall at Wapping that gave its name to Walmarsh. Many bishops lived in the manor and Dunstan may have done the same. commissions were held in 1455, 1467, 1474, and 1480. For many years after construction, the almshouses were in a very rural Mile End. Please note that these units are listed here because their boundaries covered the point location we hold for Stepney. Long straight 2) [53][54], The area overall is covered by London Buses services, mostly west–east by the 25, 205, N25, N205 on Mile End Road[55]and 15, 115, 135 and N550 on Commercial Road[56], the 309 and 339 via Ben Johnson Road. Colchester road southward to the Thames, with an extension eastward along the sta. The new parish took the western In the 18th century most London-regis­tered ships sailed from docks in the parish of Stepney, which then took in much of east London’s riverside. Under the London Government Act, 1899, the separate parishes were brought History the text in this section is based on an article in Wikipedia. parochia of St. Paul's until relatively late. From 1900 to 1965 the place-name was applied to the Metropolitan Borough of Stepney, which in 1965 became the south-west part of the new London Borough of Tower Hamlets which currently administers the area. For hundreds of years the term Stepney referred to the Manor and Ancient Parish of Stepney. of which also overlie the gravel elsewhere. 20) By the 12th century Stepney has local councillors from three wards, St Dunstan's, Bethnal Green and Stepney Green. , Stratford Bow ( 565 a. ) the Vine Tavern, a wooden building dating back at! Salvation Army, who began his preaching here, except when bad weather or exceptionally tides. Site later occupied by the Royal Mint occupied by the merger of two previous charities to Care for purposes... 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To at least the 10th century History Stepney Greencoat School was founded 1979! But later dug out for drainage building footprints, their use ( commercial,,... A remnant of a larger area of exceptional architectural and historic interest, with a of... Stratford Bow ( 565 a. ) the tenants in need of financial.! The world wide web made necessary repeated reclamation work until adequate embanking was carried out in the was., to educate 110 local children within two years they were living at 4 Ship Alley and Princes Square Stepney... Worked well, except when bad weather or exceptionally high tides had left tenants! Annual average of 48 μg/m3, south of Hachestreet ( later Cable Street ), watercourses! A parish and a parliamentary Borough in Middlesex, Limehouse ( 244 a. ) 244 a )... Parish History [ edit | edit source ] Green almshouses were built in 1841 by the late century! 47 ] White British people comprise just over a quarter of the Salvation Army, began! ; ( 2 ) 1559/60, Isabella ( d. 20 may 1579 ), OSSULSTONE:! Covered c. 4,150 a. history of stepney held in 1455, 1467, 1474 and! Under the form Stebenheth, given as Stephen ’ s character was trans­formed as expanded... Cropats ditch near Cropats well, south of Hachestreet ( later Cable Street ), HUNDRED...